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Verbo “to have”


¿Qué es el verbo “to have”?

“Have” [tener] es uno de los verbos más comunes en el idioma inglés. Funciona de varias maneras diferentes.

Formas del “to have”
Presente8 Pasado8 Continuo
I / you / we / they 8 have had having
he / she / it has had having

“To have” como verbo principal

Si es tomado como verbo principal, “to have” implica una posesión, el tener algo. Por ejemplo:

  • I have a cat.
  • I have work to do.
  • I don’t have any money.

Cuando es utilizado para indicar posesión puedes decir “I have…” o puede también ocurrir que alguien diga “I have got”, que es una expresión que también se usa.

Cuando estás hablando de acciones, sólo debes utilizar “have”. Por ejemplo:

  1. Posesión:
  • I have a window in my bathroom, I don’t have a curtain.
  1. Acción:
  • I have a cup of coffee every day. – I’m having a cup of coffee now.

Algo importante que debemos destacar es que no se utiliza la forma continua “I having”. Para eso tienes que agregar el verbo “to be” en la oración. Por ejemplo:

  • am having a cup of coffee.
  • Are you having a nice time?

Las formas del verbo “to have” son have y has para el presente y had para el pasado.

Pregunta Frase positiva Frase negativa
Singular
Do I have …?
Have I got …?
I have / I’ve I have not / I haven’t
Does he / she / it have…?
Has he/she/it got …?
He/she/it has He/she/it has not / He/she/it hasn’t
Do you have …?
Have you got …?
You have / You’ve You have not  / You haven’t
Did I / he / she / it have 8 …?
Had I / he / she / it / you got…?
I / He / She / It / You had I / He / She / It / You had not
Plural
Do we / you / they 8 have …?
Have we / you / they got …?
We / You / They have We / You / They have not
Do you have …?
Have you got …?
You have / You’ve You have not / You haven’t
Do they have …?
Have they got …?
They have / They’ve They have not / They haven’t
Did we / you / they 8 have …?
Had we / you / they got … ?
We / You / They had I / He / She / It / You had not

Otros ejemplos:

Have Have got
Interrogación “Do you have a cat?” Have you got a cat?”
Respuesta Positiva “Yes, I have a cat.” “Yes I’ve got a cat.”
Respuesta Negativa “No, I don’t have a cat.” “No I haven’t got a cat.”

“To have” como verbo auxiliar

El verbo “to have” es utilizado como un verbo auxiliar para ayudar a otros verbos a que creen el tiempo perfecto. Por ejemplo:

  • have sung lots of songs
  • have never been to France
Presente perfecto
have been in this school for over 11 years. You have been a teacher since I know you. He / She has been a great apprentice. It has been a very nice day. We have been married for over five years. They have been enemies since they were born.
Pasado Perfecto
had been a student for several years. You had been a teacher since I knew you. He / She had been a great apprentice. It had been a very nice day. We had been married for over five years. They had been enemies since they were born.
Futuro Perfecto
will have been a student for several years. You will have been a teacher since I know you. He / She will have been a great apprentice. It will have been a very nice day. We will have been married for over five years. They will have been enemies since they were born.

Pregunta Frase positiva Frase negativa
Singular
Has she been …? She’s been … She’s not been …
Plural
Have they been …? They’ve been … They’ve not been …

Otros ejemplos:

Interrogación Have you cleaned your room today?”
Respuesta Positiva “Yes, I have.”
Respuesta Negativa “No, I haven’t.”

“To have” para marcar algo hecho

Si algo está hecho para tí, o algo que no hiciste tú, podemos indicarlo usando la base “to have something done”. Por ejemplo:

  • I have my dog groomed once every two weeks.
  • My boyfriend has his car checked once a month.

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